Description and Etiology

Laryngitis is an inflammatory condition of the outer layers of the vocal fold tissue.  It can be due to a reactionary response to a viral and/or bacterial infection, which traumatic behaviors can exacerbate.  It can also be due to autoimmune diseases.

Perceptual Signs and Symptoms

  • Generally produces hoarseness
  • Mild Laryngitis
    • Sore throat, cough and possible fever
  • Severe Laryngitis
    • Caused by continued voice use during the bout of laryngitis

Features of Visual Assessment

  • Generalized swelling
  • Reduced or absent vibratory characteristics of the vocal folds
  • The larynx and vocal folds often look red and irritated

Management

  • Often resolves with rest and hydration
  • Antibiotics
  • Necessary to pinpoint the cause of the inflammation
  • Remove the causative irritant or pathogen
  • Vocal hygiene