Description

Laryngeal cancer is a pathologic tissue change in the tissue that is only confirmed by biopsy.  Dysplasia is abnormal cells that are not found to be malignant yet is often indicative of early cancerous process.  Cancer refers to a change of normal tissue that divides and grows uncontrollably

Cause

The cause of laryngeal cancer or pre cancerous pathologist is multifactorial.  One of the major risk factors is smoking and heavy drinking of alcohol

Laryngeal cancer may spread by direct extension to adjacent structures.

Appearance

Both appear whitish or reddish in color due to hypervascularization and can form a mass, plaque, or irregularity on the vocal fold edge.

Symptoms

  • Hoarseness
  • Change in pitch
  • Vocal strain
  • Sore throat or globus sensation
  • Persistent cough
  • Stridor (noise when breathing)
  • Ear pain

Management

  • A combined modality treatment
  • Surgery
  • Radiation
  • Chemotherapy
  • Prescribed and/or changed based on the stage of diagnosis
  • Requires continued cancer surveillance through regular laryngeal examinations